To create professional-looking garments, serger stitches are essential. Sergers are an inevitable part of stitching business as these machines provide smart stitching within very little time. Your passion for different types of stitching like crochet or knitting can be satiated if you use a serger sewing machine. There are many types of stitches and designs that can be done with the help of this stitching machine.
The project of stitching depends upon the variety of stitches used in it and also the fabric that will be used. A beginner may need to follow a few guidelines to know how to proceed in this path and get successful in a project. There are lots of stitches and thread options which can come handy for different kind of projects.
A serger, and its importance:
Sergers are originally the old school sewing machine which you can use to finish off the sewing projects faster. The finish is better and neat and these are one of the various reasons that people use a serger. The sergers usually can stitch more or less 15000 stitches per minute which is a speedy way to finish the projects. The project quality will also be high as the stitch will have a machine finish. The quality of the stitches of a serger is also really good so your dress lasts much longer than the regular stitches done by hand. But sergers are somehow different to handle than the regular sewing machine so you need set skills to work with it.
Different types of serger stitches:
Sergers offer different types of stitches and yet it is not really hard to use it to do some good stitching job. There are four main types of stitches which are most useful and common. If you try your hand at the serger you can start with these basic four types.
1. Four Thread Overlock:
The overlock stitch is used to enclose a seam by using different threads so the stitch does not fray with time. A second needle is needed for the four-thread overlock, and this stitching process makes this stitch the strongest one. For seaming, it is the best choice as it will never let your dress get frayed. You can use this stitch on knits or woven clothes to make them more durable and flexible. These stitches are used to finish the seams on the clothing. The output of these stitches is strong, long-lasting and durable. This one is most commonly used and most popular serger stitch. Sewists have been using this stitch for more than decades now. Those who make garments are in favour of this stitch. Due to its longevity and durability, the garments will last longer and thus will make the wearer happy.
2. Three thread overlock:
This is not a very durable stitch but it comes handy when you are sewing woven fabrics and knitted fabrics. This stitch is useful for the clothes that tend to stretch a lot. It does not put stress on the cloth. This one is much similar to the four-thread overlock but it is not very bulky. Only one needle is used in this stitch and you can finish the edges of medium weight fabrics quickly with it. Also, you can create blind hem with this stitch.
3. Two thread rolled edge:
When you need to do the edges on a very narrow seam in sheer fabric, then you can use this stitch. This one has another name. It is commonly called the rolled hem. You have seen this stitch on the edges of handkerchiefs, tablecloths and other home linens. Sheer fabric can be perfect for this kind of stitching. This is a beautiful stitch and looks pretty. It makes all the household fabrics look decorative.
Not all sergers are able to do this two-thread rolled edge or overlock stitch. So if you are lucky to have this stitch in your serger then you are ready to do the home linens. Lighter weight fabric is suitable for this kind of stitching as it is not a very strong stitch. So you can do the edges of napkins or table covers but do not try this to do the seaming. It has many names like a rolled hem or two thread overlock stitch. It is mainly used because it looks great and gives the ideal finishing touch to sheer fabrics.
You can do this kind of stitch by using two or three threads. Different sergers use a different number of threads. This is again the kind of stitch that can be used on stretchy fabrics. The unique design of the stitch keeps the fabric in its place. On one side of the stitch, there are loops and on the other side, there are horizontal lines. This design is called “ladders” by the designers. The stitch is really flat and does not make the fabric look or feel heavy. This is a popular stitch used for yoga clothes or another kind of athletic wears. This distinct stitching pattern makes the cloth really comfortable and long-lasting.
When you are using the two thread or three thread stitches then use the option of the left needle for sewing with thicker thread or thicker fabric. For lightweight fabric, you can use the right needle, and it will make things easy. This is just a tip which may help you while you will be using the serger. There are plenty of other tutorials available online which may help you out when you are a novice in the world of sewing.