Sewing Machine Keeps Jamming | 5 Common Issues

Using a sewing machine always has its own share of joy and irritation. You can create dresses and many artefacts with the help of a sewing machine, but when it does get jammed, and it does quite often, it gives one a very irritating moment. There are various reasons for this jamming. This issue creates drama as one does not know when it can be solved and how it will be solved. But all must know that there are some simple tricks which can solve this problem.

Fix Sewing Machine Keeps Jamming Issues

Ways to Fix Sewing Machine Keeps Jamming Issues

Here we will be suggesting you a few ways on how you can try to fix a jammed sewing machine:

Issue 1: There can be an issue with the needle. So when you will start to use the machine, check if the needle is perfectly straight or not. If the needle is even slightly bent, it can cause an issue. The bent needle can cause the thread jam which will not let the machine run. Also the size of the needle matters. If you find the needle is coming out unthreaded while sewing, then there is a quick fix for that problem. Keep your needle at the highest point by winding the handwheel.  Winding it towards you makes the job easy while pushing it the other way may result in tangling the thread.

Solution: Be sure of using the right sized needle. There are also various sides of needles, for example – for fabrics, there is a ballpoint, for leather or vinyl or denim you need sturdy needles etc.

The right sized needle, the right fabric and type of thread can make the sewing easy.

Issue 2: There could be some issue with the tension. Too tight or too loose tension can create a problem. When you are using a heavy fabric for some particular project and the next project is about lighter fabric, the setting may remain unchanged. Take a test of the tension of your sewing machine in a scrap of any fabric and get checked. Also, the bobbin may need regular attention for the changing tension, which is a sign that the bobbin needs replacement. The tension disk can cause a problem if you are feeding the thread with the presser foot keeping down. It will cause the tension disk to be too tight and the thread will not sit properly between the disks. Putting the presser foot down is the common solution.

Solution: If your sewing machine has got a variety of thread tension facilities, then set it to basic thread tension level. Or else you can adjust the tension manually.

Issue 3: The time when you realize that the threads are getting piled up underneath the bobbin is the time you should be alert and adjust the bobbin for sufficient tension. The insufficient tension can cause the threads to create a mess while you are sewing the fabric. The small teeth underneath the needle and the presser foot can pull the fabric and it will not work smoothly. Dust or debris can get accumulated which can hamper the mechanism.

Solution:Cleaning the feed dog is the prior thing you will do. You should also lift the presser foot to rethread the needle. There can be different ways as per the guidelines of different manufacturers. Also, you can remove the top thread and re-thread, but follow the schematic pattern provided by manual. Also please ensure that the same type of thread is present in the top thread and bobbin.

Issue 4: One of the most common issues with the sewing machine is, skipping the stitches, or the thread is getting knotty, loosens one time and getting tangled on another moment. This inconsistency is not related to threading or tension related.

Solution:There are more to than just changing the needle, as often you will find that is not solving the issue. The usual dust and lint getting accumulated around the sewing machine and the fluff chocking the bobbin case are causing all these dramatic issues. Clean the machine after each project and get rid of all the issues. Using brushes or vacuum attachment is really helpful for removing the lint.  Do not blow as these tiny pieces can get inside the machine furthermore. The debris collected inside the machine will not come out easily and get accumulated with time. Also skipping the stitches can be caused by a bent needle. If your needle is not hardy enough to stitch the fabric and yet you are forcing the fabric to get sewn, then it can cause in bending the needle. Do buy a different kind of needles as we have mentioned above and get rid of this problem.

Issue 5: If you see that the threads are fraying, or breaking too often, then you can blame in on the incompatibility of the thread and the needle. Also, you can face that the thread is getting broken often or knotted up. There can be these issues due to the low-quality thread as well.  It can happen that the thread and the needle are not perfect for the project you are working on. Low graded threads have the chance of getting shredded or causing lint. The machine can also get damaged due to the profuse lint and debris collected from the cheap quality thread. If you are sure that the thread quality is not poor, then maybe you are using a fine thread specifically used for designing, for the project which demands stronger thread. Having knowledge of different quality threads can make the situation easier.

Solution:Good quality thread with a proper needle is just what you need to finish a good project. Check the specific needle and threads mentioned by the manufacture of the sewing machine so you do not use some other quality products.


Having the proper knowledge of a branded sewing machine will help you turn out with a great sewing project. You can be novice or a professional seamstress, but you can face the problem of machine jamming in between the projects, which, in turn, can cause much frustration. Knowing the underlying reasons behind the jamming will help you not to be panicked or nervous, and also you can help others with these annoying problems.


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